|Standard tile size||23 7/8″ x 23 7/8″ (606 x 606mm) – tile dimensions
24″ x 24″ – covered area using 1/4″ spacers
|Custom sizes||48″ x 24″ size available on request
(other sizes can be produced to order)
|Tile height||1 11/16″ (42mm)|
|Wood thickness||13/16″ (21mm)|
|Slats per tile||8 (std.)|
|Width of slats||2 7/8″ (73mm)|
|Slat spacing||3/16″ approx.|
|Ends & sides finish||S4S E4E (radius 1/8″)|
|Surface finish||Ends waxed with paraffin.
Slats with machined finish – not coated with oil
Ipe Wood Properties
|Botanical name||Tabebuia sp.|
|Color||Typically reddish brown color, but can vary from olive brown to blackish, often with lighter or darker striping|
|Grain||Fine to medium texture, grain always interlocked, sometimes very highly oily looking|
|Density @ 12% moisture||1050-1180 kg/m3|
|Durability||Class 1 (min. 25 years life)|
|Fire rating||Class A|
|Hardness (Janka)||3680 (very hard)|
|Resistance to decay and insect attack||Resistant to attack by decay fungi and termites
Not resistant to marine borers
|Modulus of rupture||170 MPa|
|Modulus of elasticity||21 GPa|
|Maximum crushing strength||94 MPa|
|Shrinkage||7% tangential, 6% radial
1.2 tangential/radial shrinkage ratio
Structural Ipe tiles installed on a pedestal system essentially rely on gravity, tight spacing between the tiles and tight containment around the perimeter to keep the tiles in place without movement. The open joint space between the slats on the tiles allows wind to flow above, below and around the deck surface, which also tends to reduce uplift forces somewhat.
Since no specific standard exists regarding wind uplift of wood tiles installed on a pedestal system, HandyDeck engaged the Florida International University Hurricane Research Center to devise a test program to determine the wind speed at which uplift of Handydeck’s 24″ x 24″ structural Ipe tiles would occur under various conditions. Variables incorporated in the test program included:
- wind angles
- pedestal heights and type
- parapet wall height
- paver layout
- locking devices along the parapet walls
For each configuration, the wind speed was increased in 10 mph increments until either blow off occurred or the maximum wind speed of the Wall of Wind facility (approximately 150 mph) was reached.
Whilst the full Wall of Wind test report should be consulted for details of both the test procedure and results obtained for each set of variables, it was found that the wind speed at which blow off of HandyDeck’s 24” x 24” structural Ipe wood tiles installed on fixed height pedestals at 0° wind angle and with a 12″ parapet was 130 mph. Note that no washer and screw assembly or any other fixing devices were used to hold down the tiles onto the pedestal heads in the tests conducted.
The Wall of Wind report and associated test results should not however be construed as providing or implying a guarantee or warranty of any kind by HandyDeck, including but not limited to warranties of merchantability or fitness of structural Ipe wood tiles for a specific purpose. None of the information contained in this report is intended to substitute for the engineer’s, specifier’s, architect’s, builder’s or contractor’s own analysis, investigation, and due diligence regarding the appropriate choice, application and installation of structural wood tiles on fixed or adjustable height pedestals in any particular location or application, which is not the responsibility of HandyDeck.
The full test report is available on request from HandyDeck on the strict understanding that it is provided for the exclusive use of the recipient. No reproduction or transmission by facsimile, email or other electronic means is permitted without HandyDeck’s specific permission.